Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is one of the main planning tools established to identify, predict and evaluate potential environmental impacts and mitigation measures in the early stages of any proposed development projects. It is an important process of collecting and understanding the information about environmental impacts of a proposed project as well as planning the mitigation measures that can be applied if the project is permitted. The main purposes of performing EIA study is to encourage productive and harmony between the environment and human activities along with preventing or eliminating damage to the environment and biosphere. In Malaysia, conducting EIA study for new proposed development projects is required if it consist of prescribed activities under the Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities) (Environmental Impact Assessment) Order 2015. (pdf 5 – Perintah Kualiti Alam).

Prior to project implementation, it is essential for project proponents of the prescribed activities to obtain EIA reports approvals from Director General of Environmental Quality that is subjected to Section 34A (2C) of the Environmental Quality Act (EQA), 1974 (Act 127). EIA study must be conducted and reported by registered environmental consultants by Department of Environment, DOE (EIA Consultant Registration Scheme). A detailed guideline is provided by DOE for the reference of project proponents, registered consultants and other EIA-related practitioners in the pre, during and post stages of the EIA reports submission (pdf 5– EIA Guidelines). The guideline consists of two schedules for the prescribed activities that have to conduct EIA namely First and Second Schedules (pdf 5 – EIA Schedules). The procedure in applying EIA for both First and Second Schedule of prescribed activities are shown in the Figure 2 and Figure 3 below (Appendix A and B).

The activities specified in First Schedules do not require public display and public comments while the activities specified in Second Schedules requires public display and public comments. The outcome of conducting EIA study is achieving both environmental and economic benefits where the cost and time of project proposed can be reduce together with avoiding clean-up costs and impacts of law and regulations.

Eco Environmental Engineering offers relevant services related to EIA report submission components for instance ambient air, boundary noise and water quality monitoring report.

Figure 2: Appendix A – First Schedule Activities EIA Procedure

Figure 3: Appendix B – Second Schedule Activities EIA Procedure (Detailed EIA)




References

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)